Improving Agricultural Production Using Floodwater; From Disasters into Opportunities.
Floods are an annual occurrence in several parts of the country leading to massive damage to infrastructure and crop fields. The current notion among Malawians is that floods are a disaster. There is need to change the mindset so that floods are viewed as an opportunity. Travelling through several flood plains in Malawi, it is clear that there are no engineer – designed structures for harnessing and utilizing flood water for crop production. However traditionally, farmers deliberately locate their cropping fields in areas which are inundated by floods so as to advantage of the residual moisture to grow Maize and rice. Flood recession agriculture is widespread in the Northern Part of Malawi in districts of Karonga, Nkhotakota and Salima in the Central region and along the Shire Valley in the Southern Region. Therefore traditional practices exists and farmers use indigenous knowledge to grow crops using flood water.